Last week's economic news was dominated by speeches given by Federal Reserve presidents, the minutes from April's FOMC meeting and commencement address given by Fed Chair Janet Yellen. The latest readings for new and existing home sales were also released.
Federal Reserve Speeches Suggest Concerns Over Monetary Policy Dependence, Low Inflation
Here are highlights of comments made by each of the Fed presidents' speeches. Richard Fisher, president of the Dallas Fed, and John Williams, President of the San Francisco Fed, spoke at a conference held at the Bush Institute.
Mr. Fisher said that 98 percent of jobs lost during the recession had been recovered, and that other jobs had been added. He also cited "bad fiscal policies," and said he is worried about dependence on the Fed's monetary policy when "Congress and the Executive Branch have put on the brakes."
John Williams, president of the San Francisco Fed, said that he was concerned about slowing momentum in housing markets, although he noted that housing had driven economic recovery in the aftermath of the recession.
The inflation rate has remained well below the Federal Reserve's target rate of 2.00 percent, and Mr. Williams said that the Fed is paying close attention to this. His remarks were supported in Wednesday's release of the FOMC minutes of its April meeting.
Charles Plosser, the Philadelphia Fed's president, took an optimistic tone at a speech given before the Women in Housing Foundation on Tuesday. He said that the national unemployment rate could fall below 6.00 percent by the end of 2014 and that he expects the housing market to bounce back as well.
This makes sense, as strong labor markets are known to influence consumer decisions to buy a home.
New York Fed President William Dudley spoke before the New York Association for Business Economics, and said that there would be "a considerable period of time" between when the current asset purchase program ends and the first Fed rate hike would occur.
He also indicated that he expected longer-term interest rates (which include mortgage rates) to be "well below" a historical average of 4.25 percent.
Minneapolis Fed President Narayana Kocherlakota said that the Fed should consider targeting price levels rather than the current policy of targeting the inflation rate. He said that this was not likely to occur any time soon, but noted that current Fed policy is "undershooting" the central bank's goals for unemployment and inflation.
Fed Chair Janet Yellen cited her predecessor, Ben Bernanke as a positive example when she spoke at New York University's commencement. She noted that he took "courageous actions unprecedented in ambition and scope" and that his "grit willingness to take a stand" had directed his decisions during the recession.
Mortgage Rates Down, Existing Home Sales Up
Freddie Mac reported that average mortgage rates dropped last week. The average rate for a 30-year fixed rate mortgage fell to 4.14 percent, a drop of six basis points. The rate for a 15-year fixed rate mortgage fell by four basis points to 3.25 percent.
The average rate for a 5/1 adjustable rate mortgage dropped by five basis points to 2.96 percent. Discounts were unchanged at 0.60 percent for 30-year mortgages and 0.40 for 5/1 adjustable rate mortgages, but dropped to 0.50 percent for 15-year mortgages.
Sales of existing homes rose to their highest level in four months according to the NAR. Month-to-month sales of previously-owned homes rose by 1.63 percent in April to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 4.65 million sales as compared to March's reading of 4.59 million sales. This was the first rise in sales of existing homes in 2014, and nearly met expectations of 4.66 million sales.
After the Memorial Day holiday, this week's economic news includes the Case-Shiller Home Price Index, FHFA's house price index and consumer confidence index.
Pending home sales, jobless claims and Freddie Mac's mortgage rates report along with the University of Michigan consumer sentiment index round out the week's scheduled events.